The Trimarium in the historical context

The origins of the Three Seas Initiative (Tri Marium) can be traced back to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. It was the political mindset of a community of nations (Poland, Lithuania, and, for a time, Ruthenia) and it that was the direct catalyst for the historical Intermarium. An important component of this mindset was the establishment of a community of different nations through shared points of agreement, such as similar traditions and common values. In this case, the value of freedom and sovereignty is the dominant indicator for relations within the Intermarium countries. The goal of this political and social project was to consolidate sovereignty through intensive cooperation between associated countries. An important element to guarantee the effective operation of the Intermarium is to have a lasting alliance between the countries located between the „ABC Seas” (Adriatic, Baltic, and Black). The historical activities designed to lead to the realization of the goal of what was then still the Intermarium is not very different from the contemporary perception of the Three Seas Initiative as a certain strength and a political, social, and economic counterweight to the imperialist inclinations of the Russian Federation, as well as potential German domination in the west. The concept, therefore, from the beginning (with some modifications), is to provide stability to the region. Its root was in the concept of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was the establishment of a union between the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland under the Union of Lublin of 1569. This gave a new impetus to the development and construction of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, ensuring stability and economic prosperity. When looking into Literature, precisely in commemorating the union established by the Jagiellons, the idea of the Intermarium is often referred as „Jagiellonian politics”. The idea of the Intermarium has again found its supporters in the conservative Czartoryski party-Hotel Lambert. The plan was to recreate a Polish-Lithuanian community in cooperation with southern Slavs, Bohemia, Slovakia, Hungary, and Romania, where Poland was to act as a leader and a of mediator between feuding parties (Hungary with Slovakia and Hungary with Romania). However, this plan failed. Another attempt to realize this idea was undertaken by Marshal Jozef Pilsudski, who hoped for a strong alliance of the countries of the region as a counter to the USSR and a resurgent Germany. After the war, the idea of the Intermarium was strongly promoted by the Polish Government in Exile. The Three Seas Initiative finally materialized in 2016, at a political summit in Dubrovnik, where the Presidents of Poland and Croatia declared that the Three Seas Initiative needed to be implemented and become a reality. In the new political, economic and social framework, it finally began to fulfill the aspirations of the past-a counterweight to Russia’s imperial ambitions and Germany’s superstate aspirations, through European institutions, creating a viable development alternative not only for the countries of our region but also for the rest of Europe.